History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understandingof the history term
human sacrifices
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the act of killing people as part of a religious ritual
People would make human sacrifices to pray to gods and as offerings to gods.
clan
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a group of people from a common descent
I am part of the Shulman clan.
Shang Dynasty
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A chinese dynasty that ruled from 1700 to 1122 b.c.e.
The Shang Dynasty ruled for over 500 years.
ancestor worship
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to pray to ancestor as part of religion
Some families practice ancestor worship to show love to their desceased ancestors.
logograph
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a single written symbol that represents an entire word
Logographs are still used today in countries like China and Japan.
economy
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A system of production distrubution and consumption
The U.S.'s economy is very bad right now.
Confucianism
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A philosophy based on the teachings of Confucius,he taught to honor your elders
Most people honor their elders, that means they are practicing Confucianism.
Daoism/Taoism
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A laid back approach on key issues
The teachings of Daoism were created by Laozi.
Legalism
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A strict philosophy that teaches that there should be punishment for bad behavior and rewards for good behavior
Our classroom has legalism in it because if you are bad you get punished and if you are good you get a reward.
Mandate of Heaven
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A belief that the emporer is the son of heaven and that he can keep ruling until heaven disagrees
Many people worship the mandate of heaven.
feudalism
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A system of land owners and kings and lords who rule and give out land
When Emporer Qin took over feudalism ended.
Zhou Dynasty
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A chinese dynasty that ruled from 1046-256 BCE
The Zhou Dynasty ruled for about 800 years
Confucius
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A chinese philosopher who founded confucianism
Confucius taught to honor your elders.
civil servants
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government officials not hired by blood line but of intellegiance and skill
There are still civil servants today only they're not called civil servants and we elect them.
Qin Shihuangdi
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The first great emperor of china. He ruled for only ten years and ruled with legalist ideas
Was a great emperor who only ruled for 10 years because he drank something that he thought would make him immortal and he died.
standardize
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to make everything the same
Emperor Qin standardized money, measurements, and language.
exile
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to be not let in to your own or any other country
The Jewish exile from Egypt lasted for about 40 years.
immortal
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something or someone who can live forever
Emperor Qin tried to become immortal but he died.
Han Dynasty
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A dynasty that ruled for over 400 years. They made many advances.
The Han dynasty invented the wheelbarrow.
bureacucracy
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a body of nonelective government officials
The government of some countries is a bureaucracy.
calligraphy
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A type of fancy handwriting that is sold as art
My friend had to write in calligraphy for the whole school year
anesthetic
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A substance that causes numbness
When you get a shot they rub anesthetic on you before they administer it.
Silk Road
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A route which chinese traders brought silk to other countries for goods
The silk road was good because it led people to bring new things back to their countries and discover new things.
Zhang Qian
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The person who opened trade with persia and started the silk road.
Zhang Qian started trading silk for other goods along a route called the silk road.